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Paul Kane Watercolour - Ojibwe Cermonial Drum
Painted Cree Frame Drum
Cedar Box Drum
Frame Drum with 2 Snares
Octagonal Painted Frame Drum
Butterfly Painted Frame Drum
Ojibwe Frame Drum
Cedar Log Drum
Raven Wolf Drum
Halibut Drum
Dzunukwa Mask
Kwigwis Mask
Bakwas Mask
Deaf Man Mask
Nulamal Mask
Crooked Beak Mask
Baxbakwalanuksiwe Mask
Owl Mask
Ancestor Mask
Xwi Xwi Mask

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Xwi Xwi Mask
Kwakwaka'wakw First Nation UCC -80.01.123 The Xwixwi came to the Kwakwaka’wakw from the Coast Salish of Comox as a gift. After deciding to wage war to acquire the dance and mask, they were invited in as guests of the Comox and freely given the dance and the treasure box of associated gear. The dancer wears the mask of this supernatural being and carries rattles strung of scallop shells and the dance is believed to, “shake the ground and be a certain means of bringing back the Hamat'sa who is being initiated”, (Boas 1897: 497). According to the Kwakwaka’wakw, the Xwixwi is the red cod or red snapper. For this reason it has two protruding eyes. When the red cod is pulled out of the water his stomach comes out of his mouth and for this reason the palm of the mask is protruding. When the fish is thrown into the canoe it beats violently with its tail. This is imitated by the scallop shell rattles. It is claimed that the Xwixwi was first seen at Cape Cod and that at the time when the Ligwi'da’xw used to live there.

About Drums
Drum Culture Travel the map from the Plains to the Northwest forests to discover the origins of the many different drums of the First Nations.
The Earth World
Tailfeather Woman
Crow Water
Building a Drum Learn how to make the basic frame drum of the Aboriginal Nations.
The Creation The Ojibwe creation story richly illustrated.


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This project was made possible with the support of the Department of Canadian Heritage through Canadian Culture Online

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