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Paul Kane Watercolour - Ojibwe Cermonial Drum
Painted Cree Frame Drum
Cedar Box Drum
Frame Drum with 2 Snares
Octagonal Painted Frame Drum
Butterfly Painted Frame Drum
Ojibwe Frame Drum
Cedar Log Drum
Raven Wolf Drum
Halibut Drum
Dzunukwa Mask
Kwigwis Mask
Bakwas Mask
Deaf Man Mask
Nulamal Mask
Crooked Beak Mask
Baxbakwalanuksiwe Mask
Owl Mask
Ancestor Mask
Xwi Xwi Mask

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Crooked Beak Mask
Kwakwaka'wakw First Nation UCC - 93.02.004 The Hi’hamsam' represent the fabulous supernatural birds that were servants of Baxbakwalanuksiwe’ “The-Man-Eater-at the-North-End-of the-World”. These birds were the servants of the Man-Eater Baxbakwalanuksiwe’ and their role was to kill people and bring this food to their master. “The-Crooked-Beak- of-Heaven" has an elaborate prominence over the nostrils, often cut out to emphasize a strong curve. These birds are instrumental in the taming of the Hamat'sa or Cannibal-Dancer who is possessed by the Man-Eating-Spirit. In the final stages of the Hama’tsa initiate’s wildness, his servants the Hi’hamsam' will appear and dance completing the ceremony of the Hamat'sa. This is the most sacred masked dance of the Kwakwaka’wakw. The privilege of the Hamat'sa and the Hamsam? came to the Kwakwaka’wakw through marriage and warfare from our northern neighbors, mainly the Awik'inuxw of Rivers Inlet and the Hi'dzakw of Bella Bella; where where these dance societies originated.

About Drums
Drum Culture Travel the map from the Plains to the Northwest forests to discover the origins of the many different drums of the First Nations.
The Earth World
Tailfeather Woman
Crow Water
Building a Drum Learn how to make the basic frame drum of the Aboriginal Nations.
The Creation The Ojibwe creation story richly illustrated.


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This project was made possible with the support of the Department of Canadian Heritage through Canadian Culture Online

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