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Paul Kane Watercolour - Ojibwe Cermonial Drum
Painted Cree Frame Drum
Cedar Box Drum
Frame Drum with 2 Snares
Octagonal Painted Frame Drum
Butterfly Painted Frame Drum
Ojibwe Frame Drum
Cedar Log Drum
Raven Wolf Drum
Halibut Drum
Dzunukwa Mask
Kwigwis Mask
Bakwas Mask
Deaf Man Mask
Nulamal Mask
Crooked Beak Mask
Baxbakwalanuksiwe Mask
Owl Mask
Ancestor Mask
Xwi Xwi Mask

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Baxbakwalanuksiwe' Mask
Kwakwaka'wakw First Nation UCC-93.02.008 This rare mask represents the great Man-Eating-Spirit Baxbakwalanuksiwe’ who possesses the new Hamat'sa or Cannibal-Dancer. The mask displays three mouths within each other bearing a tiny human skull in the centre. The mask also has two smaller bird faces representing Galugadza’yi or Crooked-Beak-of-Heaven who is said to be the wife of Baxbakwalanuksiwe’. The mask is typical of Hamat'sa society regalia as it is adorned with red and un-dyed cedar bark fringe. "It has been speculated that this is a rare form of Hamsam', however, it lacks in all characteristics of the usual Man-Eating-Bird masks. This mask is listed as belonging to Chief Kwaxalanukwame’ John Drabble, who was from the Dzawada’enuxw of Kingcome Inlet. He is also photographed wearing the mask as well as full cedar bark regalia covering him entirely at the time of the potlatch regalia confiscation in 1922. The mask is also believed to be the actual representation of Baxbakwalanuksiwe’ himself and was used in a special in a special ceremony after the Hi’hamsam' has retired to the Hamat'sa’s secret room. In this ceremony, Baxbakwalanuksiwe’ appears carrying the headdress of the new initiate in a short circuit around the fire and then disappears into the Hamat'sa’s secret room. This is done in order for the new initiate to receive and don his spiritual gift in the form of a headdress usually from the origin of his family or Hamat'sa story; and then carry out his final taming ceremony. This mask is very unusual and the purpose is unclear, however it clearly belongs to the Hamat'sa society and displays Baxbakwalanuksiwe’, the Man-Eater-from-the-North-End-of-the-World.

About Drums
Drum Culture Travel the map from the Plains to the Northwest forests to discover the origins of the many different drums of the First Nations.
The Earth World
Tailfeather Woman
Crow Water
Building a Drum Learn how to make the basic frame drum of the Aboriginal Nations.
The Creation The Ojibwe creation story richly illustrated.


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